Frequency of Common Causative Organisms of Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Acute Febrile Illness
AbstractTo determine the frequency of common causative organisms of urinary tract infection in children with acute febrile illness.
MethodsThis descriptive cross sectional study was conducted at Pathology department, King Edward Medical University, Lahore from 15th July 2019 to 15th January 2020.After ethical approval, 200 patients from 3months to 12 years of age with either gender with acute febrile illness and urinary tract infection were included. Patients with history of urinary fungal infections (Candida) & urinary tract stones, or prior antibiotics therapy were excluded. Demographic details were noted in a pre-designed proforma. A sterile technique was used to collect mid-stream urine sample. Then it was properly labeled & sent to the college pathology laboratory for culture. Urine culture was repeated if more than one organism discovered. Data for causative organism was noted on predesigned proforma. Data was analyzed by using SPSS22.
Results  Mean age of the patients was 5.830±2.83 years, mean duration of febrile illness was 23.205±7.46 hours and mean weight was 20.675±7.27 Kg. There were 73.5% males and 26.5% females. E.coli was present in 70% patients, Enterobacter15% and Klebsiella was seen in 11% of the children.
Conclusion  Escherichia coli was the most common causative organism responsible for UTI in children of age 3 months to 12 years followed by Enterobacter and Klebsiella.
Keywords:Urinary Tract Infection, Acute Febrile Illness, Causative Organism, Frequency, Children
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