Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression in Patients of Functional Dyspepsia and their Association with Demographic Features
AbstractTo determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients of functional dyspepsia presenting to Jinnah Hospital, Lahore. In addition to that we will find the association of functional dyspepsia with demographic features in our studied population.
MethodsThis descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at department of Medicine, Jinnah Hospital Lahore from 18-11-2017 to 17-05-2018. Demographic information and duration of disease etc. was obtained. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score was calculated for each patient. Single-blind was applied to reduce bias. Data was entered in SPSS version 20. Effect modifiers and confounders were controlled through stratification. Chi Square test was applied by taking p ≤0.05.
Results  Among total of 260 patients, male were 53.8% (n=140). The minimum age was 30 years and maximum age was 80 years with mean and standard deviation of 54.50 ± 15.19 years. The minimum duration was 3 months and maximum were 24 months with mean and standard deviation of 12.92 ± 6.15 months. 30.8% (n=80) patients belong to lower class, 35%(n=91) patients belong to middle class and 34.2%(n=89) patients belong to high class. There were 87/260 (33.5%) illiterate patients, 93/260 (35.8%) patients having matric while 80/260 (30.8%) patients were graduate. Anxiety was present in 134/260 (51.5%) patients while depression in 125/260 (48.1%) patients. Presence of anxiety had no significant association with demographic features with p-values of each as >0.05.
Conclusion  Anxiety and depression were prevalent among patients suffering functional dyspepsia. Age, gender, socioeconomic status, educational status, and duration of functional dyspepsia has no association with the occurrence of anxiety and depression in in the studied population.
Keywords:Anxiety, Depression, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Functional Dyspepsia.
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