Social Stigma, Level of Self Acceptance and Quality of Life Among Individuals Suffering from Tuberculosis in Sialkot, Pakistan
AbstractObjective: This study examines whether tuberculosis sufferers' social stigma, quality of life, and self-acceptance are related.
MethodsAn appropriate sample of 30 individuals was chosen (418 females and 29 men). Three scales were used to assess societal stigma, quality of life, and self-acceptance. The WHOQO-BREF 26-item scale was used to measure QOL. The Unconditional Self-Acceptance Questionnaire, a 20-item measure, and the Tuberculosis-Related Stigma Scale were used to assess self-acceptance and social stigma. The data for social stigma came from the general population, whereas the data for self-acceptance and quality of life came from TB patients. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient were applied.
Results Among TB patients, self-acceptance and quality of life were significantly correlated (Pearson correlation =.529**), as well as a significant association at the .003 level of significance. Furthermore, results show that social stigma exists in the general population (M = 18.6400, SD = 6.38800).
Conclusion The quality of life of TB patients is improved as a result of their high self-acceptance. We may say that social stigma against TB still exists in society, but it hasn't had a significant influence on tuberculosis sufferers' quality of life because of the positive association between quality of life and self-acceptance among tuberculosis sufferers.
Keywords:Tuberculosis, Social stigma, Quality of life, Self-acceptance, Depression, Anxiety.
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