Biochemical and Anthropometric Evaluation of the Dietary andNutritional Status in School Children Aged 5-15 Years: A Descriptive,Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractObjective: The objective of this study was to assess the biochemical and anthropometric evaluation of the dietary and nutritional status in school going children aged 5-15 years in district Peshawar-KPK.
MethodsThis cross-sectional study was assessed from September 2021 to February 2022 in district Peshawar. The research team visited numerous government and private sector schools and enrolled a population of 810 children from 35 schools. For biochemical assessment and dietary intake, blood samples of 220 students was taken. We collected the anthropometric data at selected schools. Weight of the study participants was calculated using a digital weighing machine (SR1501). Height was measured using a calibrated height measuring tape. We measured the waist circumference of the study participants with the help of a Lufkin-like metallic tape using cross-handed procedure. The upper edge of the iliac crest was used for measurement purpose.
Results The anthropometry results of our study revealed that 1.8% (n=14) children had possessed low weight. Excessive weight in 48.4% (n=392) with a severe obesity in 4.40% (n=17) children, obesity in 18.0% (n=70) and overweight in 26% (n=102) children. The proportion varied by the nutritional status was 76.9% among obese children, 100% among severely obese children, and 13.4% among overweight children.
Conclusion Our study concluded the incidence of superfluous higher weight in comparison to those previously measured. Boys were stood victims for obesity risk whereas; morning breakfast seemed as a protecting feature in contradiction of obesity and overweight.”
Keywords:Obesity, Overweight, Child Nutrition, Nutritional Status,Adolescent Nutrition
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