Frequency of Esophageal Varices in Chronic Liver Disease Patients & its Relationship to Mean of Ratio of Right Lobe of Liver to Serum Albumin Concentration
AbstractObjective: Aim of present study is to find the frequency of esophageal varices in CLD patients & its relationship to the mean of ratio of right lobe of liver to serum albumin concentration.
MethodsThis cross sectional study was completed in Department of Gastroenterology, Mayo Hospital Lahore in six months. After ethical approval, 200 diagnosed patients of CLD recruited using non-probability purposive sampling technique. An informed written consent was acquired from each patient & endoscopy was done for the presence of esophageal varices, ultrasonography to measure right lobe of liver and serum sample to check albumin levels. All patients were then divided in two groups' i.e. esophageal varices (A) and other without varices (B). The ratio of right lobe of liver to serum albumin concentration was calculated for both groups. Data was analyzed using SPSS Version 26.0.
Results Out of 200 patients, 109 (54.5%) had esophageal varices while 91(45.5%) had no varices while mean ratio of right lobe of liver and serum albumin concentration among the two groups revealed high ratio in esophageal varcies group as compare to without varices group i.e. 39.92+7.43 versus 34.53+5.27 respectively.
Conclusion The frequency of esophageal varices was high in CLD patients while mean of ratio of right lobe of liver to serum albumin concentration was markedly high among patients having varices compared to those lacking varices.
Keywords:Chronic liver disease, esophageal varices, mean ratio, right lobe of liver, Serum albumin concentration
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