Predisposing Factors in Acute Kidney Injury Patients Leading to Hemodialysis
AbstractObjective: To identify the risk variables ofAKI patients needing hemodialysis in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.
Methods: A retrospective study of 1100 patients included in the research between January 2017 and December 2018 at Aga Khan University Hospital, of which 347 met the inclusion criteria.
Results : According to the study, sepsis - which affects 30% of patients - emerged as the most important risk factor for needing dialysis. Dialysis was necessary for 0.7% of patients with stage 1 AKI, 7.7% of patients with stage 2 AKI, and 14.2% of patients with stage 3AKI.
Conclusion : According to the study, sepsis is a key risk factor for AKI requiring hemodialysis, even in cases with less severe form of AKI. These results assist in patient management and follow-up as they highlight the common risk factors that could lead to short and long- term morbidity and mortality of AKI patients. The study also implies that these results might guide focused therapy actions to improve patient outcomes
Keywords:Acute Kidney Injury, Renal Dialysis, Hemodialysis, Glomerular Function Tests, Nephrotoxic Agents, Chronic Kidney Disease
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