Frequency of Hypomagnesemia in Patients with Type 2 DiabetesMellitus


  • Author- Farhana Saba, Abdullah Najam, Najam-un-Nasir


Objective: To determine the frequency of hypomagnesemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus in tertiary care hospital.


: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at National hospital and medical center Lahore, Pakistan from January 2022 to December 2022. In this study a total of three hundred and fifty admitted and OPD patients with type 2 DM for at least one year irrespective of gender and in the age range of 18 to 75 years were included. Their serum magnesium level was recorded. Hypomagnesemia was labeled< 1.8 mg/dL.


 :In thisstudy 350 cases of DM were selected. Out ofthese 181 (51.71%) weremales and 169 (48.29%) were females. The mean age of the subjects was 56.25±10.73 years and mean duration of DM was 7.20±5.35 years. HTN was seen in 99 (28.29%) of cases. Mean serum magnesium level was 1.83±0.29 mg/dl. Hypomagnesemia was observed in 103 (29.43%) of cases. Hypomagnesemia was seen in 51 (28.17%) males as compared to 52 (30.76%) females with p value of 0.63. Hypomagnesemia was seen in 55 (30.55%) cases with duration of DM up to 5 years as compared to 48 (28.23%) cases with duration more than this with p value= 0.64. Hypomagnesemia was observed in 28 (30.43%) cases with good glycemic control and 75(29.06%) cases with poor control with p= 0.79.


 : Hypomagnesemia is not uncommon and is seen in almost one third of the cases with DM and it has no significant association with any of the confounding variables examined within this study.


: Type 2 DM, HTN, Hypomagnesemia